From John’s Application for an Invalid Pension and additional research we have put together a better picture of what we believe happened to John during the Civil War:
21st day of August 1862 - John W. Rowan enrolled at New York City in Company “D” 145th Regiment of New York Volunteers, to ‘serve 3 years or during the war’.
emblem worn on the Civil War cap
From the National Park Service Battle Unit Details I was able to learn the following about the 145th Regiment:
- Regiment left New York in September for Washington, D.C.
- Duty at Bolivar Heights, Maryland until Dec. 1862.
- Skirmishes at Charlestown and Berryville Dec 2-6.
- March to Fairfax Station, Virginia Dec 10-14. Remained until 19 January 1863
- Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March” January 20-24.
- At Stafford Court House until 27 April.
- Chancellorsville Campaign 27 April until 6 May. Including Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. At the battle 5 enlisted men and 1 officer were killed, 28 men wounded. 2 officers and 50 men were reported missing after the battle.
- Gettysburg, Pa Campaign June 11-July 24. Including Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. For the Battle of Gettysburg the Regiment brought 245 men. 1 man was killed and 9 were wounded.
photo from The Battle of Gettysburg (click on image to enlarge)
- Pursuit of Lee July 5-24.
- At Racoon Ford, Virginia until Sept.
- To Stevenson, Alabama Sept 24- Oct 4.
- Duty along Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad until December.
- The regiment disbanded 9 December 1863. Men were transferred to 107th, 123rd and 150th Regiments.
- Guard duty on line of the Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad until April, 1864.
- Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11.
- Battle of Resaca May 14-15.
- Near Cassville May 19.
- Advance on Dallas May 22-25.
- New Hope Church May 25.
- Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26–June 5.
- Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10–July 2.
- Pine Hill June 11-14.
- Lost Mountain June 15-17.
- Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15.
- Muddy Creek June 17.
- Noyes Creek June 19.
- Kolb’s Farm June 22.
- Assault on Kenesaw June 27.
- Ruff’s Station,
- Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4.
- Chattahoochie River July 5-17.
- Peach Tree Creek July 19-20.
9 April 1865 - Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox8 June 1865 - John mustered out of Co H 150th Regiment New York Volunteers.
14 April 1865 - assassination of President Abraham Lincoln
28 June 1865 - John was honorably discharged at Washington, D.C.
I have not been able to verify yet all the battles John actually fought in that are listed above but it gives me an idea of what the Regiments went through during the Civil War. Reminder, this was the first national draft in history. I can’t imagine what it was like for this young man so far away from home and in the middle of War for so many battles.
The family story was that John enlisted at 14 and had a neighbor sign saying he was able to enlist. Based on the records above it appears that John was 16 years old when he enlisted and 19 years old when he was discharged. Still under the age of 18 which was the enlistment age. I did find a listing that showed John W. Rowan and an aka James Rowan. I would also like to investigate that name and see if that was the name he originally enlisted under since he was underage.
If you have any corrections or additions or stories to share I look forward to hearing them.
Enjoy the journey,